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Whether you need to reference a book or a website, it’s important to get your Harvard referencing style right for your assignments. Below are links to the main Deakin resources you’ll need, plus a helpful step-by-step guide on how to do Harvard referencing and some accompanying FAQs and examples.
Learning how to do Harvard referencing styles and formats can be tough. These tips will help to ensure you get your Harvard referencing right each and every time.
The main tool you need to format your assignment using Harvard referencing is:
Harvard referencing is a style of referencing used to cite sources of information. Sometimes referred to as the author/date citation system, Harvard referencing is an integral part of academic writing, primarily used by university students in essays. Its origins date back to the late 19th century, when a Harvard professor used this referencing style in a paper he wrote about garden slugs.
By including and citing valid sources in your work, you are acknowledging the ideas or words of others who have produced compelling content. Harvard referencing also demonstrates knowledge of background literature and that you can provide authority for statements in your assignments. It also helps avoid any accusation of plagiarism.
The Harvard referencing style is the preferred referencing style for many disciplines of study at Deakin University because of its uniformity and ease of understanding. However, it pays to check with your lecturer/tutor or in your assignment brief that Harvard referencing is the preferred method of citation.
The Harvard referencing style can vary in minor features such as punctuation, capitalisation, abbreviations and the use of italics.
Of course, websites are commonly referenced! But the referencing format for websites is slightly different (books focus on publishers, websites focus on URLs). However, with this Harvard referencing tool, you won’t need to worry about the variations. Just input the details and it’ll do the work for you.
In-text citations sit in the body of the paper to emphasise a point made by someone else.
Here are four common types of in-text citations:
A few things to note:
Here is an example Harvard reference list. It includes different types of sources: books with one author, books with multiple authors, journal articles, websites, radio programs and chapters in curated textbooks.
Barikin, A 2012, Parallel presents: the art of Pierre Huyghe, MIT Press, Cambridge, MA.
The Cancer Council Australia 2007, National cancer prevention policy 2007–09, The Cancer Council Australia, retrieved 26 August 2010, <http://www.cancer.org.au/File/PolicyPublications/NCPP/NCPP_Full_document.pdf>.
Clarke, DB, Doel, MA, Merrin, W & Smith, RG (eds) 2009, Jean Baudrillard: fatal theories, Taylor & Francis, retrieved 23 September 2013, Ebook Library database.
Cotterall, S & Cohen, R 2003, ‘Scaffolding for second language writers: producing an academic essay’, ELT Journal, vol. 57, no. 2, pp. 158–66.
Hindsight 2006, radio program, ABC National Radio, Melbourne, 31 August.
HREOC – see Human Rights and Equal Opportunity Commission
Human Rights and Equal Opportunity Commission 1997, Bringing them home: report of the National Inquiry into the Separation of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Children from their Families, HREOC, Sydney.
Priest, A 2007, ‘Expression of the interesting’, The Australian, 10 October, p. 34, retrieved 29 April 2008, Newsbank database.
Richardson, JS 2004, ‘Content area literacy lessons go high tech’, Reading Online, vol. 8, no. 1, retrieved 1 August 2004, <http://www.readingonline.org/>.
Roberts, GE 2004, ‘Municipal government benefits, practices and personnel outcomes: results from a national survey’, Public Personnel Management, vol. 33, no. 1, pp. 1–22, retrieved 3 Oct 2013, Business Source Complete database.
Watts, M 2006, ‘Team term papers and presentations’, in WE Becker, M Watts & SR Becker (eds), Teaching economics: more alternatives to chalk and talk, Edward Elgar, Cheltenham, UK, pp. 151–70.
Weaver, RK 2000, Ending welfare as we know it, Brookings Institution Press, retrieved 23 May 2008, <http://books.google.com/books>.
Žižek, S 2001a, Enjoy your symptom!: Jacques Lacan in Hollywood and out, Routledge, London.
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